Where the mark may have been missed was on the following points:
- the president’s endorsement of oil and gas exploration in Africa — which would result in increased burning of fossil fuels. This does not correspond with SA’s commitments to help address global warming;
- missing an opportunity to address ESG (environment, social and governance) issues, and specifically the social element of ESG. We believe the focus of BEE should be less on high-level empowerment transactions and more on community schemes that deliver more direct benefits to communities in the long term;
- not providing more detail on the measures proposed to increase investment and grow SA’s mining industry. He omitted to address the challenge of unlawful protests which disrupt mining operations. He also did not clarify exactly who would be responsible for improving the living conditions of host communities, though the government is responsible for the provision of services such as education, water, infrastructure, and health services;
- not fully addressing the issues of mining in a holistic context, as the mining industry is affected by the poor performance of other sectors of the economy, such as transport and policing. Though progress has been made, policies adopted by the DMRE sometimes conflict with policies implemented by other government departments. Co-ordination between government departments is vital for successful execution of growth-oriented policies; and
- not addressing the acute capacity shortages in the DMRE. Long delays in producing a cadastral system and processing applications result from both capacity and corruption issues.
Though Ramaphosa’s speech more comprehensively addressed the issues facing the industry than the minerals minister’s speech, the president could have given more concrete action plans and timelines to try to build investor confidence. Once again, at a time when the global commodity sector is cresting a wave, SA may miss the boat. This is particularly important as the global appetite for commodities is moving towards battery metals, with which SA is not particularly well endowed, other than in platinum and manganese.
While the president omitted to address certain issues (set out above), it is clear from his address that the government is seeking new and innovative ways to increase investment in SA while still progressing a just transition to a green economy.